Notice: SA-MP is only compatible with GTA:SA v1.0, so you will also need to download a Downgrader patch if you own the newest version of Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (2.0).
The reason is, that Rockstar do not support modding anyway, also SAMP.
For further information watch out the forum:
Simply run the downloaded .exe file and install to your GTA San Andreas folder. The default directory is:
C:_Program Files_Rockstar Games_GTA San Andreas
It is very important that SAMP is installed in the same place as gta_sa.exe. This is important as SAMP needs the core San Andreas files to run. You should see the following window with your San Andreas directory pre-selected. If it is slected, click install - if not, browse for the directory first.